Editor’s note: This is the final part of a three part series on the history of secession in the United States. Part one is here and part two is here.

In 1980 a referendum was placed before Alaskan voters: “Shall the Alaska Statehood Commission be convened to study the status of the people of Alaska within the United States and to consider and recommend appropriate changes in the relationship of the people of Alaska to the United States?”

It passed by a 1% margin, 46,000 to 45,000.

This was a culmination of decades of frustration since before Alaska was even an organized territory in 1912. This includes the Ballinger-Pinchot Affair, the Jones Act, fish-traps, the unconstitutional provisions written into our own State Constitution as a condition of statehood, and even the need for an act of Congress to develop Prudhoe Bay.

And finally, the outrageous and unconstitutional Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act [ANILCA], done by executive order through President Jimmy Carter. He utilized the already questionable Antiquities Act of 1906 – a federal act intended to be used modestly by the president to preserve, without annoying Congress, small areas of cultural or historical significance.

Allow that to sink in: Guamanians, Filipinos and Puerto Ricans have more rights than Alaskans or Hawaiians.

Through ANILCA, Alaska’s promises of statehood and the 90/10 revenue split from the development of federal properties, an advantageous entitlement of the statehood compact, were now to be egregiously violated by the stronger party, the federal government. As every tribe of American Natives knows, federal promises are granted for the sake of window dressing when they are signed, then conveniently or even brutally ignored when it suits the government otherwise.

The Statehood Commission that met in 1980-81 investigated the possibilities of secession, but through a very narrow lens. It defined secession as unilateral separation, which is exactly what happened 1776. But far more importantly, the Commission bypassed consideration of the U.N. Charter of 1945, Section 73, regarding Non-Self-Governing Territories [NSGT]. This would have fashioned a built-in mechanism for a peaceful and mutually agreeable relationship to transform the many colonies throughout the world. It was not perfect, but nothing ever is. For our purposes it included the Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico … and Alaska and Hawaii.

A timetable was set up in which all of the NSGTs were to be offered four options: 1.) continue as a territory or colony, 2.) commonwealth status, 3.) amalgamation with the Mother Country (“statehood” in American understanding), or 4.) independence.

The Philippines opted for independence with a defense treaty. Recognizing its own vulnerabilities in a way that might certainly suit Alaska, Filipinos requested and were permitted to join the American armed forces. Such an arrangement enabled the now independent Filipino citizens to keep a specially crafted relationship with the U.S.

Our statehood act and State Constitution demand that we also forever disown claim to federal property in Alaska…

Guam opted for continued territorial status, Puerto Rico for commonwealth. “Commonwealth” generally means independence with a free trade agreement and the guarantee that the status could be changed to total independence or even statehood in the future.

But Alaska and Hawaii were only offered two options: continue as a territory or statehood.

Allow that to sink in: Guamanians, Filipinos and Puerto Ricans have more rights than Alaskans or Hawaiians. And with that, the federal government did not fulfill its obligations to Alaska as per the 1945 UN Charter.

Our statehood act and State Constitution demand that we also forever disown claim to federal property in Alaska, despite the fact that Article I, Section 8, clause 17 and the 10th amendment limit federal property to D.C. (63 square miles), forts, arsenals, magazines (warehouses), dockyards and other needful buildings. You can look it up.

There have been no offered amendments to fix or properly “constitutionalize” national parks, forests, wildlife refuges, monuments, cemeteries, historic sites or battlefields. These are found mostly in states west of the Mississippi River. The fact that they are popular ought not to be confused with constitutional.

When Interior miner and gadfly Joe Vogler began to unravel these realities in the 1970s and 80s, he gained notoriety, attention, admiration … but also ridicule and hostility. Thick-skinned to a fault, Vogler twice ran for governor with considerable aplomb and support, created the Alaskan Independence Party, and stepped aside in 1990 for Walter Hickel and Jack Coghill to win the office of Governor and Lt. Governor.

A greater respect to the freedom and local culture of the states would make the federal government much less of a tyrant.

Vogler corresponded with the Iranian embassy at the U.N. which was as eager to embarrass the United States as he was, willing to give him a platform for Alaska’s (and by association, Hawaii’s) case before the world. With a governor of considerable reputation, popularity and experience of his own choosing in place, Vogler seemed on the cusp of a major breakthrough and told his friends about it.

Then he mysteriously disappeared a week before leaving for New York.

Alaskan law enforcement was studiously indifferent to his disappearance for days, passing off his absence as the peccadilloes of an eccentric old man, which his friends knew was not in his intelligent and vigorous nature. When his home was finally cordoned off as a crime scene, forensic work by his friends had already determined that his guard dogs had been drugged. For a full year Fairbanks and the entire state took up his cause: “Where is Joe?”

When his body was discovered in a shallow grave outside of Fairbanks fifteen months later, a convenient scapegoat, already with a pile of felonies ready to convict him, confessed. This made the need for a trial – which might expose the inconsistencies of a contrived “confession” – unnecessary.

Alaska’s Twilight Zone of a warped and incomplete statehood, the federal government’s reputation of broken treaties and promises, and Alaskans’ collective sense that something has not been quite right all along since 1959, were not buried permanently in Joe Vogler’s shallow grave.

Alaska, or any other state, would not need to leave the union if the right to do so were acknowledged as it used to be, before our bloody war of the 1860s. A greater respect to the freedom and local culture of the states would make the federal government much less of a tyrant. The Congress, the Court and the Presidency were never meant to wield such power. Elections would be a yawner rather than a zero-sum, winner-take-all Super Bowl every four years. Our court rulings and bureaucracies would tip-toe far more gently when it came to undeclared wars, abortion, homosexuality, taxes, a Green New Deal and the like.

But it would be far more honest to admit that Alaska has never really been a full-fledged partner of the union in the first place, nor on an equal footing with its sister states. An act of Congress needed to build a short gravel road between two rural villages after decades of contention? This is where we were in territorial days. As all of America has had revealed in the last four years, the reality of a sinister “deep state” is a conspiracy fact and no longer a theory. With an obviously stolen presidential election, a re-examination of facts is indeed in order: for the future of Alaska, the union, liberty and justice.

The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of the Alaska Watchman.

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Denied options at statehood continue to haunt Alaska

Bob Bird
Bob Bird ran for U.S. Senate in 1990 and 2008. He is a past president of Alaska Right to Life, a 47-year Alaska resident and a retired public school teacher. He has a passion for studying and teaching Alaska and U.S. constitutional history. He lives on the Kenai Peninsula and is currently a daily radio talk-show host for The Talk of the Kenai, on KSRM 920 AM from 3-5 pm and heard online


  • NAV says:

    Mr. Bird,
    Your take on the civil liberties violations and unconstitutional mandates imposed on Alaskans is? And before you answer go back to the universal agreement with the Nuremberg trials in particular with the case against Joseph Mangala you will find it covers any and all these medical mandates as unlawful without the full consent of the patient!

  • Robert Bird says:

    Your question has nothing to do with Alaska’s denied rights at statehood, but I am sure I would be in sympathy with your concerns. The Nuremberg Trials, however, raise disturbing questions regarding international justice as imposed by the victors. Would it have been possible to find Germans willing to try the Nazis? The trials COMPLETELY IGNORED the USSR (which hypocritically participated in some of them), whose body count was far larger than Hitler’s. The liberal press screened Stalin’s crimes from the still largely virtuous American culture so that we could agreeably ally ourselves with him. The Warner Bros. movie “Mission to Moscow” is an admitted embarrassment even to Hollywood as a groveling propaganda piece. As a prolifer, I am well aware of the medical holocaust as well as the German Euthanasia Program. See psychiatrist Frederic Wertham’s book “A Sign for Cain”. P.S. Is his name spelled “Mengele”?

    • NAV says:

      Accually the question does stand as was proven by Kathern Henry vs state of Michigan (Whitmer) ruled 7-0 for plaintiff that all Whitmers mandates were in fact unconstitutional and violations against the peoples civil liberties. And the out come in the Nuremburg trials was ruled unanimously that no medical proceeding could be imposed on an individual without their consent!

    • NAV says:

      Correction yes his name was misspelled it is Mengele thank you my mistake.

  • John H Slone says:

    Interesting article and no doubt contains historical fact and much to consider as we move into the next 4 years with ? As president.however the editor is hardly an unbiased source. We need to hear from someone who doesn’t have as much skin in the game as Bob Bird in order to preserve a more balanced perspective. And also a word to te WATCHMAN, this is now the third. Lengthy article you have posted from Bob Bird in the past month? I suggest you find other sources lest you gain a reputation as chiefly a voice for Bob Bird and the Alaska Libertarian Party.

  • Kyle says:

    Reading the comments, I find it curious how people so quickly ignore the subject when it’s uncomfortable or unfamiliar, and instead attack those that provided it.
    I find it an interesting read and deeply thought provoking.